Hacia una coordinación efectiva entre regímenes especializados para garantizar una interpretación armoniosa en el derecho internacional público moderno

Gerhard Niedrist, Aida Figueroa Bello

Resumen

El derecho internacional moderno se caracteriza, en gran parte, por sus regímenes especializados. El derecho comercial internacional, la protección internacional de derechos humanos y el derecho ambiental internacional son sólo algunos de los ejemplos más importantes de áreas aisladas en el derecho internacional, mismas que se caracterizan por su reclamo de hegemonía. El presente artículo analiza la interacción entre los diferentes regímenes, concluyendo así que el derecho internacional actual carece de las capacidades para coordinar de manera efectiva tales regímenes. En este mismo sentido, argumentaremos que resulta imprescindible una necesaria e imperiosa coordinación entre los diferentes mecanismos de solución de controversias. Una coordinación efectiva entre regímenes especializados se podrá llevar a cabo mediante reglas como el forum non conveniens del common law, y no a través de criterios de secuencia temporal, como lo establece la Convención de Viena sobre el Derecho de los Tratados.

Palabras clave

régimen; solución de controversias; fragmentación; common law

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