The Interaction between Convergent and Divergent Approaches of Global Law in the Field of Business and Human Rights

Alejandro Sánchez González

Resumen

Las nociones convergentes buscan contrarrestar la diferencia tratando al derecho global como un acuerdo colectivo implementado por arreglos jerárquicos. Por el contrario, las concepciones divergentes buscan gestionar la diferencia a través de la coordinación de distintos órdenes normativos. Existe un amplio debate sobre las discrepancias entre estos enfoques, pero poco se ha dicho sobre sus afinidades. Así, el propósito de este texto es analizar ambas visiones, utilizando el campo de las empresas y los derechos humanos como caso de estudio. Al hacerlo, demostraremos que las nociones convergentes y divergentes son compatibles y capaces de interactuar en beneficio recíproco, estableciendo relaciones de aprendizaje, man-teniendo sus propias condiciones de existencia y colaborando en conjunto para el logro de objetivos comunes.

Palabras clave

derecho global; enfoque convergente; enfoque divergente; empresas y derechos humanos

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