Requirement of Mens Rea for War Crimes in the Light of the Development of Autonomous Weapons Systems

Xavier J. Ramírez García de León


El desarrollo de prácticamente cualquier tecnología conlleva presiones sobre el marco legal que evidencian, por lo general, las dificultades que presenta el derecho para avanzar al mismo ritmo. En algunos casos, estas presiones adquieren una relevancia significativa, si no por su visibilidad, sí por las consecuencias que una deficiente regulación podría generar. Este artículo analiza, desde la perspectiva de la Corte Penal Internacional, el supuesto problema que implicaría la introducción de sistemas de armas autónomas al campo de batalla, particularmente en lo relativo al requisito de mens rea para crímenes de guerra.

Palabras clave

sistemas de armas autónomos; mens rea; crímenes de guerra; Corte Penal Internacional

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