One Norm, Two Models. Legal Enforcement of Human Rights in Mexico and the United States

Karina Ansolabehere

Abstract

In the 21st century, the international community has assumed the responsibility of protecting individuals and groups from unlawful human rights abuse. This article analyzes the political tensions faced by domestic courts when they attempt to enforce international human rights norms. After presenting divergent models, it analyzes how multilateral norms relate to both the nation’s domestic law and its foreign policy. It then examines two models of human rights enforcement, followed by a comparison of the Mexican and U.S. models. This comparison shows that although both countries presented different approaches (one from within, USA; and one from the outside, Mexico) both of them enforce the norm of international responsibility to protect.

Keywords

Legal enforcement of human rights, human rights politics, domestic judiciaries, Mexico, U.S.A.

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